He also pushed for an extension of the New START agreement between the UNITED States and Russia – an arms reduction agreement due to expire in 2021. In addition, the ten-year integrated implementation period leaves current governments immune and increases the temptation to leave painful implementation to successor governments. The chances of one of the signatory governments still being in power in 2024 are extremely slim. Ignoring a long-term commitment is therefore free of almost all political costs. Each financial controller is referred to the Committee on Budgets in the event of persistent disagreement with the head of the NATO body concerned on a proposed transaction. The financial controller shall ensure that all aspects of the implementation of the budget comply with the expenditure appropriations, the special controls imposed by the Committee on Budgets and the Financial Regulation, as well as the implementing rules and procedures relating thereto. It may also, in response to internal audit, put in place additional controls and procedures that it deems necessary to maintain accountability. The financial management system applicable to the NIP is based on an international financial compensation procedure. Host countries shall report on expenditures on approved projects in their area of competence. After approval of the estimates by the Investment Committee, international staff calculate the amounts to be paid by each country and receivable from each host country. Other calculations determine the amounts of payments, currencies and the country or NATO agency receiving the funds.
Another symptom of the problem is the heated debate over the strategic value of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) to be concluded between the United States and the European Union. Some argue that the deal is the last chance to cement the transatlantic bond in a way that keeps the two sides together as strategic partners on an ongoing basis, thus creating a security contagion effect of a trade deal. Others argue that Europe`s strategic concerns can be better addressed through a regional approach to security, stressing that the Nordic, Eastern and Southern EU countries are the most competent, the most natural and therefore the best suited to secure their neighbourhoods. Read more: NATO Secretary General`s unprecedented speech to Congress downplays disagreements with Trump but sends a “strong memory” to President 18 For more details, see NATO Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre, Motivating Improved Contributions to the Alliance: Defence Measures (Lisbon: NATO Centre for Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned, 2011), www.jallc.nato.int/newsmedia/docs/factsheet_defence_metrics.pdf. 10 “Juncker: NATO is not enough, the EU needs an army”, EurActiv, 9 March 2015, www.euractiv.com/sections/global-europe/juncker-nato-not-enough-eu-needs-army-312724. For a critique of Juncker`s proposal, see Jan Techau, “The Illusion of an Independent EU Army,” Judy Dempsey`s Strategic Europe (Blog), Carnegie Europe, 10 March 2015, carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/?fa=59296. 3 NATO, “Defence spending data for 2014 and estimates for 2015”, press release, p. 22. June 2015, www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_120866.htm. Beyond the direct budget, NATO agreed in 2014 that each member state would increase its own defence spending to 2% of its respective gross domestic product by 2024. The NATO Resource Office brings together all members of the NATO International Staff responsible for resource matters.
The Office provides integrated policy and technical advice to the ANC and the Secretary General, NATO Resource Committees and other NATO bodies. The Office shall facilitate agreements on resource matters between Member States. 1 North Atlantic Treaty Organization, “Wales Summit Declaration”, Press Release, 5 September 2014, www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/official_texts_112964.htm. At the 2014 summit in Wales, NATO leaders agreed that each country would spend 2% of its gross domestic product on defence by 2024. The measure was not binding and even at the time there was widespread speculation that all allied nations could ever make it happen, but the deal was seen as a symbolic demonstration of unity immediately after the Russian invasion of Ukrainian territory. In an apparent effort to allay Trump`s concerns about how much the US is paying for this, NATO announced in late November that it had agreed to cut the US government`s contribution to the direct budget. Under the new agreement, Germany and the US will now pay equally 16% of NATO`s central budget, after the US previously contributed 22% (more than any other member). U.S. President Donald Trump had previously criticized Canada`s contribution at a NATO summit in London last December. “We also expect them to be ready, capable and willing when problems arise, and we expect them to stand side by side with the United States to counter China`s bad behavior and Russian aggression,” Esper continued.
“To overcome the increasingly complex threats of the 21st century and defend our shared values, there can be no stowaway for our common security.” 5 NATO, “Defence expenditure data for 2014 and estimates for 2015”. NATO`s Security Investment Programme (NPCP) includes substantial investments in the construction and command and control system that go beyond the national defence requirements of individual Member States. It supports the tasks of NATO`s Strategic Commands by providing facilities and facilities such as air defence communication and information systems, military headquarters for the deployed integrated structure and operations, as well as critical airfields, fuel systems and port facilities needed to support deployed forces. >35 interviews of the author with European NATO officials in May 2015. That may be true, even if the record is mixed. Germany seems unfazed by its own underperformance from the 2% target, and Belgium has already said it will not strive to reach 2%.15 Belgian Defence Minister Steven Vandeput said in February 2015 that his country`s defence spending would fall to around 0.5% of GDP by 2019, saying the government would try to return to spending between 1.5% and 1.6% by 2030. This was widely seen as an indirect renunciation of the 2% promise of a government that had signed the Wales Declaration a few months earlier.16 But other countries, such as the United Kingdom, are making great efforts to ensure that they do not fall below the border, as the loss of prestige and bargaining power within NATO would be considerable. .